The plight of Muslims with the so-called “Sunnah”as a source of divine legislation.
It is known that the doctrines of the Sunni and Shia Muslims consider the Sunnah as a source of divine legislation beside the Quran. Sunni Muslims rely on Saheeh al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim as an official book of the Sunnah of the prophet and take it as a source of legislation complementary to the Qur’an. Furthermore, the respected Sunni Muslim scholars consider their collections of Hadith, Bukhari & Muslim as infallible and hence it is given the status of divinity. As for the respected Shiites Muslim scholars they seem to be more lenient in that they do not confine the sources of the Prophetic Sunnah to two books only, but they have more than that and are known as four “alkafi, man-la-yahdarhu-alfaqih, alistib’sar, altahdeeb” It is worth mentioning here, however, shiitte scholars , in theory, they do not ascribe infallibility to these four books but in reality they do; through their practical applications of these hadiths in the process of producing their religious edicts, which are taken as divine laws and hence becomes part the divine shari’a laws. Similarly Shiite scholars they consider these Hadith books as supplementary to the Holy Quran and hence take them as source of divine legislation.
As a result of this disturbing reality whcih is adopted by all Muslims, it has yielded two images of the so-called “Sunnah of the Prophet” and all parties claim that their image is the most correct one and a true representation of the truth. Consequently this led to the production of two different images of the Holy Prophet of Islam, even though they are unaware of it, a Sunni Prophet and a Shiite prophet.
Having said that, here I would like to say in all fairness that the blame for this dire situation does not fall squarely on these distinguished Hadith scholars such as, Bukhari, Muslim, Tusi, Alhurr al-‘aamily and others from both sides, Shiite and Sunni, and I sincerely say that may God reward them all for their great efforts in leaving for us a wonderful collection of Hadiths as a valuable historical literatures in morality and guidance and provide a window to the past generations and give us the chance to learn from their experiences. So, I believe that the blame solely rests on a nation who have taken these respected books as a source of divine legislation with the knowledge that all of these books contain weak Hadith, strong, popular and unpopular and then they devised different sciences to deal with them, including defamation-jar’h, modification-t’adeel and the science of men (of narrators)-‘ilm alrijal, etc..
Furthermore, this nation did not consider even for one moment that there are no such things and attributes or classifications in the Quran as that in the hadith books. And that non of them dare to say that there is any weak or strong Quranic verse and there is no various Hadith authentication rules to subject the verses of the Quran. And if this nation were to pay attention to very important fact referred to by the Qur’an which is a marvelous method to determine the viability of these books of being considered as sources of legislation from God. And this important fact pointed out by the Qur’an is that it has put forward a fantastic rule to confirm the credibility of any book and whether to be attributed to God Almighty or not, as in 4:82:
“If it (Quran) were from other than God, they would find a great difference in it.” – 4: 82
This verse is very clear and lays down a very important method to determine the divinity of the source of any book. It states clearly that if there are differences and contradictions found in any book or between books, which are alleged to be from God, then it cannot be from God as simple as that. Accordingly this nation knows that all of these respected books are not from God in absolute certainty and that all are attributed to the Holy Prophet and not uttered by him sw with absolute certainty. And that all Muslims with all of the various schools of thoughts are in agreement that these books are not from God. It is known to everyone that there is a lot of differences in these books and these differences confirm that it is not from God according to the methodology of the verse mentioned in 4:82 above. And if it is not from God as confirmed by the above and as recognized by the Muslim community, how could this nation to take these books as divine source of legislation and say to the followers of Shiites and Sunnis that this is the Shari’a of God . How can the law of God be that it is not from God? What happened in reality is that this nation adopted these books and strives to give it a sacred dress and they presented them as being the Shari’a law of God, but in fact it represents the “law of the jurist” and made it dominant over the Koran. It is worth mentioning here that there is absolutely no mention of the term “sharia of God” but it this term have been innovated by Muslim scholars to further their version of Islam and introduced as a divine shari’a law of God.
so “ponder O people of cores- ya ulol albab ”